Would most likely need to upgrade the motherboard. With that, you can upgrade to a better CPU, get DDR4 ram instead of DDR3 etc.
If you are willing to spend that much on just an upgrade, i would recommend a new mobo and a new ryzen CPU, as that way you have a lot to spend on a good GPU.
Your storage seems fine, unless you want another hard drive. Keep the SSD for your OS and other important stuff.
I would recommend a ryzen 5 3600x, or if you want to go overkill, a ryzen 7 3700x, but look at some youtube videos to see the difference and if it would bother you.
A GOOD mobo, like the ROG STRIX B450 F or Mortar MAX are decent - they support DDR4 memory, some more than others but again, depends on what else you are planning to get.
DDR4 memory - Dont have to get anything fancy, like corsair vengence or something. Depends on your aesthetics, but 3200MHZ is a good all round speed supported by the boards above.
For the GPU, i would say the new 3070 If you can find it anywhere. Great performance, great price, dont think you can go wrong with it.
For the PSU and case, i would upgrade to a 700w or so, probably not COMPLETELY needed, but i always like to have something a bit more than needed. Im not the best on PSUs tho, so i wont be much help there, same with cases. Just get something highly thought of online and of size.
Take a look at PcPartpicker.com and make sure everything you want is compatible.
If i am wrong on anything, people, please correct me.
If you need anything, message me on here or Kilo#0001 on discord.
Thanks and GL <3